Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: 2009 NOV 01
- ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
- SEE ALSO
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ztest - was written by the ZFS Developers as a ZFS unit test.
This manual page documents briefly the ztest command.
ztest was written by the ZFS Developers as a ZFS unit test. The
tool was developed in tandem with the ZFS functionality and was
executed nightly as one of the many regression test against the daily
build. As features were added to ZFS, unit tests were also added to
ztest. In addition, a separate test development team wrote and
executed more functional and stress tests.
By default ztest runs for ten minutes and uses block files
(stored in /tmp) to create pools rather than using physical disks.
Block files afford ztest its flexibility to play around with
zpool components without requiring large hardware configurations.
However, storing the block files in /tmp may not work for you if you
have a small tmp directory.
By default is non-verbose. This is why entering the command above will
result in ztest quietly executing for 5 minutes. The -V option
can be used to increase the verbosity of the tool. Adding multiple -V
option is allowed and the more you add the more chatty ztest
After the ztest run completes, you should notice many ztest.*
files lying around. Once the run completes you can safely remove these
files. Note that you shouldn't remove these files during a run. You
can re-use these files in your next ztest run by using the -E
- Print a help summary.
-v vdevs (default: 5)
- Number of vdevs.
-s size_of_each_vdev (default: 64M)
- Size of each vdev.
-a alignment_shift (default: 9) (use 0 for random)
- Used alignment in test.
-m mirror_copies (default: 2)
- Number of mirror copies.
-r raidz_disks (default: 4)
- Number of raidz disks.
-R raidz_parity (default: 1)
- Raidz parity.
-d datasets (default: 7)
- Number of datasets.
-t threads (default: 23)
- Number of threads.
-g gang_block_threshold (default: 32K)
- Gang block threshold.
-i initialize_pool_i_times (default: 1)
- Number of pool initialisations.
-k kill_percentage (default: 70%)
- Kill percentage.
-p pool_name (default: ztest)
- Pool name.
- Verbose (use multiple times for ever more blather).
- Use existing pool (use existing pool instead of creating new one).
-T time (default: 300 sec)
- Total test run time.
-z zil_failure_rate (default: fail every 2^5 allocs)
- Injected failure rate.
- Dump zfs_dbgmsg buffer before exiting.
To override /tmp as your location for block files, you can use the -f
ztest -f /
To get an idea of what ztest is actually testing try this:
ztest -f / -VVV
Maybe you'd like to run ztest for longer? To do so simply use the -T
option and specify the runlength in seconds like so:
ztest -f / -V -T 120
Use id instead of the SPL hostid to identify this host. Intended for use
with ztest, but this environment variable will affect any utility which uses
libzpool, including zpool(8). Since the kernel is unaware of this setting
results with utilities other than ztest are undefined.
Limit the default stack size to stacksize bytes for the purpose of
detecting and debugging kernel stack overflows. This value defaults to
32K which is double the default 16K Linux kernel stack size.
In practice, setting the stack size slightly higher is needed because
differences in stack usage between kernel and user space can lead to spurious
stack overflows (especially when debugging is enabled). The specified value
will be rounded up to a floor of PTHREAD_STACK_MIN which is the minimum stack
required for a NULL procedure in user space.
By default the stack size is limited to 256K.
This manual page was transvered to asciidoc by Michael Gebetsroither
<firstname.lastname@example.org> from http://opensolaris.org/os/community/zfs/ztest/